Difficulty 6: You can’t see God?

Has anyone really ever seen God?

This one has stumped me in the past, so hopefully we can shed some light on this today.

Throughout the Bible, we know there are passages that say people have seen God, and yet other passages clearly state people have not seen Him. So which is it?

  • Passages supporting people seeing God
  • When Abram was ninety-nine years old, the Lord appeared to him and said, “I am God Almighty; walk before me faithfully and be blameless. –Genesis 17:1
  • The Lord appeared to Abraham near the great trees of Mamre while he was sitting at the entrance to his tent in the heat of the day. – Genesis 18:1
  •  God also said to Moses, “I am the Lord. I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac and to Jacob as God Almighty, but by my name the LORD I did not make myself fully known to them. – Exodus 6:2-3
  •   Moses and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and the seventy elders of Israel went up 10 and saw the God of Israel. Under his feet was something like a pavement made of lapis lazuli, as bright blue as the sky. 11 But God did not raise his hand against these leaders of the Israelites; they saw God, and they ate and drank.Exodus 24:9-11
  • To this he replied: “Brothers and fathers, listen to me! The God of glory appeared to our father Abraham while he was still in Mesopotamia, before he lived in Harran. – Acts 7:2
  • Scripture denying that anyone can see God
  • But,” he said, “you cannot see my face, for no one may see me and live.” –  Exodus 33:20
  • No one has ever seen God, but the one and only Son, who is himself God and is in closest relationship with the Father, has made him known.  – John 1:18
  • And the Father who sent me has himself testified concerning me. You have never heard his voice nor seen his form,  – John 5:37
  • No one has seen the Father except the one who is from God; only he has seen the Father.John 6:46

So, we have Scriptures both supporting and denying the possibility of seeing God. Isn’t this a contradiction? First, we know that “all Scripture is God-inspired” 2 Timothy 3:16.

So, if God inspired the Scripture, there can’t be any mistakes. Under this proposition then, we must assume that people have both seen God, and that yet it is impossible to see God. How is this possible?

I think it revolves around our understanding (or lack thereof) how God works. Remember that there is ONE God, but that God is in three forms: God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit.

Therefore it is possible to see God in one form, but not in all three.

If Scripture says that Abraham saw God Almighty (Genesis 17:1), then He did. However, if Jesus mentioned in John 6:46 that no one has seen the Father, then no one has seen the Father. This would imply then that Abraham saw either the Holy Spirit or Jesus prior to His incarnation.

This explanation further validates the belief and understanding of the truth of the Trinity. If Abraham saw God Almighty, but we have concluded he had to have seen Jesus (or the Holy Spirit), since no one has seen the Father, then Jesus is God Almighty also.

Furthermore, we can look at additional Scriptures, such as those below to understand that others who have testified as seeing “God,” really saw a representation of God or symbolic image of Him:

  • 24 So Jacob was left alone, and a man wrestled with him till daybreak . . ..  28 Then the man said, “Your name will no longer be Jacob, but Israel, because you have struggled with God and with humans and have overcome.” – Genesis 32:24-30
  • There the angel of the Lord appeared to him in flames of fire from within a bush. Moses saw that though the bush was on fire it did not burn up.. . . .“Do not come any closer,” God said. “Take off your sandals, for the place where you are standing is holy ground.” Then he said, “I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob.” At this, Moses hid his face, because he was afraid to look at God. – Exodus 3:2-6

  • 18 He replied, “Why do you ask my name? It is beyond understanding.”  . . . 19 Then Manoah took a young goat, together with the grain offering, and sacrificed it on a rock to the Lord. And the Lord did an amazing thing while Manoah and his wife watched: 20 As the flame blazed up from the altar toward heaven, the angel of the Lord ascended in the flame. Seeing this, Manoah and his wife fell with their faces to the ground . . ..  22 “We are doomed to die!” he said to his wife. “We have seen God!”– Judges 13:18-22

One more passage showing a representation was Jesus in John 14:9 when He said “whoever has seen me has seen the father.” This passage further supports that God the Father has not been seen firsthand, but that representations of God the Father have been seen by people.

Difficulty 5: Jesus’ cross . . .

Let’s talk about the cross today: Did Jesus carry it as shown on many illustrations, or did Simon carry it as other paintings show because Jesus was too weak after being flogged?

As always, let’s first look at the Scriptural evidence:

16 Finally Pilate handed Him over to them to be crucified. So the soldiers took charge of Jesus. 17 Carrying His own cross, He went out to the place of the Skull (which in Aramaic is called Golgotha). – John 19:16-17

31 After they had mocked Him, they took off the robe and put His own clothes on Him. Then they led Him away to crucify him. 32 As they were going out, they met a man from Cyrene, named Simon, and they forced him to carry the cross. 33 They came to a place called Golgotha (which means “the place of the skull”). – Matthew 27:31-33

20 And when they had mocked Him, they took off the purple robe and put His own clothes on Him. Then they led Him out to crucify him.21 A certain man from Cyrene, Simon, the father of Alexander and Rufus, was passing by on his way in from the country, and they forced him to carry the cross. 22 They brought Jesus to the place called Golgotha (which means “the place of the skull”). – Mark 15:20-22

26 As the soldiers led Him away, they seized Simon from Cyrene, who was on his way in from the country, and put the cross on him and made him carry it behind Jesus. – Luke 23:26

So is John wrong, since Matthew, Mark, and Luke all report this differently?

NO . . . .  The answer is simply in a matter of details. Let’s look at these passages chronologically:

1)      Jesus was sentenced to crucifixion and flogged (Matthew 27:26-30, Mark 15:15-20, Luke 23:24-25, John 19:16)

2)      He was led out (Matthew 27:31, Mark 15:20, Luke 23:26a)

3)      He carried his cross out (John 19:17)

4)      It is then implied that Jesus was too weak to carry His cross (from the flogging), and they were passing Simon (Matthew 27:32, Mark 15:21, Luke 23:26b)

5)      Simon carries Jesus’ cross to Golgatha (Matthew 27:33, Mark 15:22)
It is very clear in this story that the gospels (together) tell the full story, only when brought together.

As noted by many people, the Gospels have “different” accounts of the stories of Jesus, but only “different” in the terms of each eye witness saw something, and documented what they say.  It has been proven that two different people seeing the same thing will document the events only from their only perspective.

In this case, John saw Jesus carry his cross out. The other authors noted seeing the soldiers demand that Simon carry the cross the remaining distance to Golgatha.  Neither account is incorrect, just incomplete in terms of details.  Together will all four gospels, we have a more complete and detailed picture of all of the events.

 

 

 

 

Difficulty 4: Does God Sleep?

This question assumes that God is somewhat human and requires sleep. Some will dispute that even from the days of creation that God had to rest after 6 days of creating earth, which therefore “proves” he must take time off.

However, if we read

By the seventh day God had finished the work he had been doing; so on the seventh day he rested from all his work. – Genesis 2:2

There is no evidence that God needed to rest, only that He did rest. Other people point to:

for in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, and on the seventh day he rested and was refreshed. Exodus 31:17b

Here, again, there is only evidence that suggests that rest was involved following creation, but not that it was necessary for God. Rest implies that God stopped, took a break. The Scripture also states that God was refreshed, but refreshed could be translated as “energized” or “invigorated” meaning that God felt great upon seeing His creation.

Isaiah 40:28 clearly tells us:

The Lord is the everlasting God,
    the Creator of the ends of the earth.
He will not grow tired or weary,
    and his understanding no one can fathom. – Isaiah 40:28b

So, if you think God is taking the day off, I would assume you are wrong. God doesn’t take vacation; He watches at all times!

He will not let your foot slip—
    he who watches over you will not slumber;The Lord watches over you—Psalm 121: 3, 5

DIfficulty 3: Is God evil?

Some people declare that God is cruel…

I will smash them one against the other, parents and children alike, declares the Lord. I will allow no pity or mercy or compassion to keep me from destroying them.’” – Jeremiah13:14

The Lord is a jealous and avenging God; the Lord takes vengeance and is filled with wrath.Nahum 1:2

6 The Lord regretted that he had made human beings on the earth, and his heart was deeply troubled. 7 So the Lord said, “I will wipe from the face of the earth the human race I have created—and with them the animals, the birds and the creatures that move along the ground—for I regret that I have made them.”  – Genesis 6:6-7

So how does this fit in with our perception of God as loving?

fear not, for I am with you; be not dismayed, for I am your God; I will strengthen you, I will help you, I will uphold you with my righteous right hand.Isaiah 41:10

So we have come to know and to believe the love that God has for us. God is love, and whoever abides in love abides in God, and God abides in him. – 1 John 4:16

“For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life. – John 3:16

How then do we reconcile this?  Simple, the previous verses, as well as others throughout the Bible speak of God’s judgment, not evil. God has granted each of us free will.

But I say, walk by the Spirit, and you will not gratify the desires of the flesh. 17 For the desires of the flesh are against the Spirit, and the desires of the Spirit are against the flesh, for these are opposed to each other, to keep you from doing the things you want to do.Galatians 5:16-17

Even Jesus said:

And calling the crowd to him with his disciples, he said to them, “If anyone would come after me, let him deny himself and take up his cross and follow me.Mark 8:34

God allows each of us to make choices in our lives. For those that choose righteous paths, God has blessings for you. However, for those that choose lives of sin, He will judge as evidenced by many Scriptures already noted, as well as numerous others throughout the Bible.

He is the Rock, his works are perfect, and all his ways are just. A faithful God who does no wrong, upright and just is he.Deuteronomy 32:4

27 “‘If in spite of this you still do not listen to me but continue to be hostile toward me, 28 then in my anger I will be hostile toward you, and I myself will punish you for your sins seven times over. –Leviticus 26:27-28

Unfortunately, we sometimes don’t see these blessings and judgments immediately.  After all, look at the lives of many non-righteous people we know.  But…

Be assured, an evil person will not go unpunished, but the offspring of the righteous will be delivered. – Proverbs 11:21

God’s promise to all righteous and Saved people is a place in Heaven for eternity. The wicked, in turn, will be punished in hell forever. Where would you rather spend eternity?

Is God evil?  No!  Is He just and fair, YES!

 

 

 

But God struck down some of the inhabitants of Beth Shemesh, putting seventy of them to death because they looked into the ark of the Lord. The people mourned because of the heavy blow the Lord had dealt them. – 1 Samuel 6:19

Difficulty 2: Prayer (Part C)

Why pray if God already knows what we need?PRAY

We can approach this answer from a variety of directions.

Let’s first look back to the definition.  Prayer is a relationship dialogue with God. How many of you have a relationship with someone where only one party talks?

I think that’s the first thing to remember. Prayer is a communication where both sides are to be heard and influence the outcome.

Too many times in our lives we use prayer as a means of just asking for what we need (or want), but prayer is more than that!

One way to remember prayer is to “PRAY.”

  • P – Praise God: worship, adore and thank Him
  • R – Repent of your sins: confess your failures
  • A – Ask for your needs: make your requests for healing, help, etc.
  • Y – Yield to God: “Not my will, but Thy will be done”

If we look at Biblical examples,

  • Jesus frequently turned to God in prayer (as discussed in previous blogs)
  • The disciples, whom Jesus spent more time developing spiritually than anyone else, after Jesus ascended

They returned to Jerusalem…to an upper room” and “continued with one accord in prayer and supplication…” (Acts 1:12-14).

  • David,  “a man after God’s own heart” (Acts 13:22), wrote almost half of the Psalms in which many he was speaking to God, asking for his desires and struggling when answers didn’t come his way.

Secondly, prayer is something we are instructed to do!

Do not be anxious about anything, but in everything, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God” – Philippians 4:6

And he spoke a parable to them to this end, that men ought always to pray, and not to faint; – Luke 18:1

If you then, being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more shall your Father which is in heaven give good things to them that ask him? – Matthew 7:11

 

It is wrong to think that prayer is simply asking God for something. Our prayers should include praise, and repentance. They should involve us asking God, but also yielding to Him.

Just because God knows what you need doesn’t mean He doesn’t want to have a prayer (relationship) with him.

 

Difficulty 2: Prayer (Part B)

Difficulty 2 – How long to Pray?  Short or long?

We’ve already covered what Jesus said about long prayers in the Sermon on the Mount:

“And when you pray, do not heap up empty phrases as the Gentiles do, for they think that they will be heard for their many words. Do not be like them, for your Father knows what you need before you ask him. – Matthew 6:7-8

Yet, Paul reminds us in this verse:

“Pray without ceasing” – 1 Thessalonians 5:17

Again in Colossians 4:2 we read “Continue steadfastly in prayer….”

So should we pray all the time or not? If we simply consider the previous blog about prayer, we know that Jesus was not condemning public prayer, but long and empty prayers for the sake of personal gain.

The issue of how long a prayer should be is very simple: long enough. So how long is enough? First, let’s review what prayer is, it is a communication with, not a one directional speech to God. [And this is where I am also convicted.]

We are probably all quite decent at saying a “blessing” at a meal, but how good are we at saying a prayer?

In public, we rarely, IF EVER, pause to hear God respond. This just seems abnormal; I mean only in large church settings when the Pastor asks us to pray silently do we have public prayer with a chance to listen.

You may be asking at this point: What do you mean “listen for God to respond?”

Prayer is not one-way. It is a conversation with God. Jesus gave us an example of going off alone to focus on God specifically. He didn’t leave the presence of others just to be alone. Jesus went off to spend time with God in dialogue and communication. [Isn’t it interesting that even Jesus (as Son of God) felt it was important to spend time with God the Father].

Praying has been defined in a variety of ways by the secular world, but in a Christian context Prayer is dialogue and relationship with God; it has the power to change outcomes and attitudes. Prayer is about an interchange with our Father, not a one-way plea for help or blessings. This requires a bond that is stronger than just faith, but a desire to listen. One can have faith in God, but it takes trust in God to allow Him to work out the finer details.

Only through spending time with Him can we listen and identify those fine details. Ever hear that little voice in the back of your head? Maybe it’s God. Maybe it’s Satan. But either way, you have been influenced. The question is, are you blocking the influences of sin long enough to hear from God?

How long do you need to pray? I would have to agree with Paul: Pray without ceasing! It’s the best way to hear from God.

I have come to learn that prayer does not require seclusion (although it does help tremendously). Prayer doesn’t require closing of the eyes and bowing of the head. But it does require a subdued heart that is willing to listen and acknowledge God as creator, sustainer, and planner of our future. Are you willing to pray long enough to get guidance as you travel this road we call life?

Difficulty 2: Prayer (part A)

In the Sermon on the Mount (the longest recorded sermon by Jesus in the Bible), Jesus tells us not to pray in public, but to pray in private:

But when you pray, go into your room, close the door and pray to your Father, who is unseen. Then your Father, who sees what is done in secret, will reward you. – Matthew 6:6

And then Jesus mentions not to pray for a long time:

And when you pray, do not keep on babbling like pagans, for they think they will be heard because of their many words. Do not be like them, for your Father knows what you need before you ask him.Matthew 6:7-8

And if we jump to 1 Thessalonians 5:17, we find Paul tells us “pray continually.”

So the difficulty is three-fold (or more):

  1. Should we or shouldn’t we pray in public
  2. Should we pray short prayers or long prayers, and
  3. Why pray if God knows what we need before we ask?

Prayer “difficulties” are numerous throughout the Bible, so I’ll cover them during several blogs:

I’ll cover public prayer only today. Should we pray publicly or privately?

First, we find example after example of Jesus praying privately:

After leaving them, he went up on a mountainside to pray.Mark 6:46

Very early in the morning, while it was still dark, Jesus got up, left the house and went off to a solitary place, where he prayed. – Mark 1:35

Jesus, knowing that they intended to come and make him king by force, withdrew again to a mountain by himself. – John 6:15

41 He withdrew about a stone’s throw beyond them, knelt down and prayed, 42 “Father, if you are willing, take this cup from me; yet not my will, but yours be done.” Luke 22:41-42

But Jesus often withdrew to lonely places and prayed. – Luke 5:16

However, we also find Jesus thanking God through prayer at the following events:

  • At the last supper, praying for the disciples and all believers – John 17
  • At Lazarus’ grave: “41 So they took away the stone. Then Jesus looked up and said, ‘Father, I thank you that you have heard me. 42 I knew that you always hear me, but I said this for the benefit of the people standing here, that they may believe that you sent me.’” –John 11:41-43
  • Feeding of 5000: “Taking the five loaves and the two fish and looking up to heaven, he gave thanks and broke the loaves.” –  Mark 6:41

And then in the following events, we find evidence of public prayers:

Then people brought little children to Jesus for him to place his hands on them and pray for them. But the disciples rebuked them.  – Matthew 19:13

12 Jesus entered the temple courts and drove out all who were buying and selling there. He overturned the tables of the money changers and the benches of those selling doves. 13 “It is written,” he said to them, “‘My house will be called a house of prayer, but you are making it a den of robbers. – Matthew 21:12-13

Throughout other passages of the Bible, we find public prayer:

 When this had dawned on him, he went to the house of Mary the mother of John, also called Mark, where many people had gathered and were praying. – Acts 12:12

Therefore confess your sins to each other and pray for each other so that you may be healed.James 5:16a

23 On their release, Peter and John went back to their own people and reported all that the chief priests and the elders had said to them. 24 When they heard this, they raised their voices together in prayer to God. “Sovereign Lord,” they said, “you made the heavens and the earth and the sea, and everything in them.Acts 4:23-24

22 Then Solomon stood before the altar of the Lord in front of the whole assembly of Israel, spread out his hands toward heaven 23 and said: Lord, the God of Israel, there is no God like you in heaven above or on earth below—you who keep your covenant of love with your servants who continue wholeheartedly in your way.1 Kings 8:22-23

Paul tells us in 1 Timothy 2:8 for men to “pray everywhere, lifting up holy hands.”

My conclusion then is that when Jesus said to go off privately to pray, He was right. Our prayers should be private so that we can focus on having a “communication” with God; an opportunity to hear, not just talk to God.

At the same time, it is also right to pray publicly, as long as it’s done with the right heart – see upcoming blog on “Praying the Will of God.” Jesus did rebuke the Pharisees for public prayer, but it was because they didn’t pray publicly for the right reasons. (“For they love to stand and pray in the synagogues and at the street corners, that they may be seen by others.” – Matthew 6:5)

The former passages above show that it is right to publicly thank God for His blessings, as well as to pray publicly for large groups and events.

Difficulty 1: one God or three?

So, let’s start with the most basic of all difficulties – one that even believing Christians have issue or concern with. How can God be one person as mentioned in Deuteronomy 6:4, but yet declare to be plural as mentioned in Genesis 1:26.

First, let’s review some more Scripture that relate to this issue:

Then God said, “Let us make mankind in our image, in our likeness, so that they…. – Genesis 1:26

Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one. – Deuteronomy 6:4

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. – John 1:1

Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters. – Genesis 1:2

“You heard me say, ‘I am going away and I am coming back to you.’ If you loved me, you would be glad that I am going to the Father, for the Father is greater than I.John 14:28

So what we have here is a list of what to the non-believer is all contradictory.  How could God be only one, but be many? And is Jesus God?

Let’s first look at what experts say: language experts point out (grammatically) that the translation of God in Genesis 1:26 is from the Hebrew “Elohim” which is naturally plural in their native language. This would translate as “Let us [plural] make man in our [plural] image.” This explains why it is translated as “us,” or is that why?

Other experts point to passages in the New Testament that use the Greek noun “theos” which is translated to God in the singular tense (“…when God [singular] created the world…”Mark 13:19). So which is right?

Before we decide, lets also consider passages throughout the Bible that refer to God in the sense of the Trinity:

The Lord says to my lord: “Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.”Psalm 110:1

Who has gone up to heaven and come down?  Whose hands have gathered up the wind? Who has wrapped up the waters in a cloak?
    Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is His name, and what is the name of His son? Surely you know! – Proverbs 30:4

16 As soon as Jesus was baptized, He went up out of the water. At that moment heaven was opened, and He saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and alighting on him. 17 And a voice from heaven said, “This is my Son, whom I love; with Him I am well pleased.” – Matthew 3:16-17

18 Then Jesus came to them and said, All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. 19 Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit – Matthew 28:18-20

May the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all.2 Corinthians 13:14

 who have been chosen according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through the sanctifying work of the Spirit, to be obedient to Jesus Christ and sprinkled with his blood: Grace and peace be yours in abundance.1 Peter 1:2

Based on these Scriptures God exists as three beings, but is still one being (The Lord speaks to the Lord – surely He is not talking to Himself, or is He? . . . in a sense). So HOW is that possible? How does God, who is Father, Son, and Spirit exist as one?

Well, let’s take a look at the simplistic view.  I’ve been asked by many teenagers over several years to try and explain how God can be three different beings at one time. I think it’s best to think of it this way: let’s look at me for example. I’m a son to my parents, a brother to my siblings, and a father to my child. I’m three different people to three different groups of people.

I can’t explain if this is true for God, but it does help to explain how three beings (or characteristics) can be internalized in one being.

Remember, that we have truly limited minds, from a human sense, but also from a programmed teaching sense.  There have been multiple studies done that prove that children brought up in a negative environment (children often told “no”) are more constrained by the “box.” Whereas children who have been brought up creatively and allowed free expression have better success at opening their minds to new concepts and ideas that have not yet been conceived (i.e. inventors, or those with new ideas).

Our minds have trouble imagining that God could exist as three beings in one body. However, if you look at all the characteristics of God, or simply at omniscience, for example, how is it that God knows everything?  Simple – He’s God. God can do anything. He has no limits! Therefore, if He wants to exist as three beings, and interact with us in three different manners (Father in Heaven, Son on earth and returning again, and Holy Spirit to indwell us) He can. Not only can He, but He does.

As Wesley would ask “what is One plus One plus One?”  The answer?  One!

God is three, but also one!

Difficulties – an Overview

Yesterday I mentioned that I would begin a series on Bible Difficulties. Today we will begin that journey. Please note that this is NOT an attempt to “prove” the Bible. This series will merely speak to address some issues that are found within the Bible. For example, how can the earth only be 4000 years old as described in the Bible, but yet science proves it be over millions of years old based on fossils.

I will not attempt to address every item ever scrutinized, but will address some popular ones. On the other hand, if there are any specific topics you would like addressed, please let me know and I will include them in a future post. As a note, I will address not just conflicts between Scripture and Science, but also difficulties that arise within Scripture itself like how can God be three, yet one?

Furthermore, this series should help discuss why you don’t really need “blind faith” to believe Christianity is true, but rather logical reasoning should lead one to discern that Christianity is true.

To me, this is as simple as opening our mind a little. First, we must realize that we have limited capacity in our minds to understand things (caused by our own culture). If we take a child for instance, they will believe most anything, merely because we have not yet programmed them to think otherwise. Their minds are open to understand and to believe even the most wild and absurd idea ever thought of (i.e. monsters in their closets). However, as we raise and “teach” children, we take a very organized approach to limiting every child’s thought process by programming them with what we have “proof” of, or in some cases what others have taught us. For example, we teach a child that grass is “green” and the sky is “blue.” But how do we know? You are using your blind faith when you tell somebody that!

Let’s use another example. For years, we taught children around the world that there were 9 planets, based on scientific proof. Now, years later, scientists declare there to be only 8 planets. We are programming our children to believe everything science tells them, even though science, by virtue of its own name is imperfect. Science is a “study of the structure and behavior of the physical and natural world through observation and experiment” (www.oxforddictionaries.com). Note 2 key weaknesses in this definition of science’s limits:

1)      Physical and natural world (not including spiritual)

2)      Through observation and experiment

Science, therefore by definition, does not consider spiritual or divine ideas or methods. Secondly, science is based on observation and experiment, which means that those things not observed cannot be proven (i.e. evolution – it’s never been observed because the “theory” itself mentions that it takes thousands of years). Going one step further, “science” is flawed by human intervention and involvement which has been proven time and time again when we look at what foods are really healthy for us (take eggs for example).  As a reminder, this series is not here to “bash” science; however, where science and Scripture conflict, I will take a logical approach to reconciling an answer.

That’s enough for today, let’s get started fresh tomorrow with a look at God: is He one or three Gods?